New Jersey is renowned for its hiking trails and nature walks; however, trail goers at some of Bergen and Passaic County’s most popular parks could be walking in the footsteps of Continental Soldiers. The forests now known for their serene views and candid glimpses of wildlife, once roared to the thunderous metronome of Patriot soldiers. During some of the most disheartening months of the American Revolution, Washington and regiments of Patriots sought refuge in the river valleys of the Ramapo mountains. This area was predominantly Dutch, and this meant that Patriot personnel could freely conduct business without fear of Loyalist interference. The towns Along the Ramapo River between West Point and Paterson became a vital part of the Continental Army’s supply, intelligence, and maneuvering infrastructure. It was dubbed the “Cannonball Road” and ran throughout Mahwah, Oakland, Franklin Lakes, Haledon, Hawthorne, and Paterson following the banks of the Ramapo and Passaic rivers. Between 1776 and 1781 over 25 skirmishes took place in Bergen and Passaic counties. By 1779 the Continental Army was spread thin, under supplied, and losing ground. The use of the Cannonball Road was vital to the American war effort, providing a more discreet means of transporting supplies as well as facilitating the guerrilla tactics of the Continental Army. The fighting moved away from the region around 1781, but the Cannonball Road is forever a part of New Jersey history.
Today the Cannonball Road does not survive in its original form, only remnants of this testament to American resolve and perseverance remain. Sections of the historic road run adjacent to hiking trails and roadways, while some of the road has been lost to history, one of the sections of the Cannonball trail crosses over N.J. route 287 and has become very popular among hikers. Due to the discretionary nature of warfare, some of the details of the Cannonball Road are not completely clear; this is an important piece of New Jersey and American history that requires further investigation to insure that any remaining evidence can be discovered, properly preserved, and studied. The intent of this project is to spread awareness about the Cannonball Road, and offer new data. I will be utilizing both digital sources as well as data gathered in the field, or “on the trail” in this case, collecting both GPS coordinates and photographic evidence to illustrate the importance of the Cannonball Road to the Continental war effort during the American Revolution and the need for steps to be taken to guarantee the preservation of the this historic part of New Jersey.